The short answer is no. But Russia is testing and may deploy at its ICBM bases a lethal mobile system which has “automatic and semi-automatic control modes.” Additionally, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin has recently called for “robotic systems that are fully integrated in the command and control system, capable not only to gather intelligence and to receive from the other components of the combat system, but also on their own strike.”
However, Russia’s statements at the UN have expressed concern about autonomous weapons as a threat to human life and international law, and Russia will be a participant in the Geneva CCW meeting. Moreover, a critical examination of claims that Russia is notably more aggressive in its early deployments of autonomous weapon systems than other nations, let alone that Russia is “leading a new robotic arms race,” shows these claims to be inflated and unwarranted. I have posted a detailed report at 1.0 Human.